An epidemiological outline of acne vulgaris in non-obese patients at a tertiary care center in south India
Keywords:Acne vulgaris, Adolescent acne, Grade of acne
Background: A brief clinical vignette of the clinico-epidemiological data of acne vulgaris patients at a tertiary care center as the data seems particularly lacking in this field with respect to non-obese patients.
Methods: A total of 80 patients who were not obese and had no features of virilization attending the dermatology outpatient department at Sri Siddhartha medical college, Tumkur were enrolled in this descriptional study. A detailed questionnaire and proforma was utilized to record data pertaining to history and physical examination.
Results: A total of 55% (n=44) were males and 45% (n=36) were females and acne vulgaris was maximally seen in the 20-29 years age group, 60% (n=48). In this study 50% (n=40) of the study subjects were students, 22.5% (n=18) housewives.76.5% (n=61) subjects had presented with complaints of acne over the face. The 37% (n=30) subjects who presented had a duration of onset less than 6 months. All subjects had involvement of the cheek and 27.5% (n=22) had involvement of chest and back. Mild grade of acne vulgaris was observed in 72% (n=58), moderate grade in 23% (n=18), severe and very severe grade in 5% (n=4).
Conclusions: Acne vulgaris is one the most common dermatoses encountered by dermatologists. Any new information in the clinico-epidemiological aspects of this frequently met condition will help in preventive and management of acne vulgaris especially catering to the patient needs.
Layton AM, Eady EA, Zouboulis CC. Acne. In: Rook’s textbook of dermatology. 9th ed. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell. 2016;90.1-90.187.
Sobhan M, Seif Rabiei MA, Amerifar M. Correlation Between Lipid Profile and Acne Vulgaris. Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol. 2020;13:67-71.
Dréno B. What is new in the pathophysiology of acne, an overview. J Euro Academy Dermatol Venereol. 2017;31(S5):8-12.
Hazarika N, Rajaprabha RK. Assessment of Life Quality Index Among Patients with Acne Vulgaris in a Suburban Population. Indian J Dermatol. 2016;61(2):163-8.
Vaishyampayan S, Baveja S, Garg S. Acne, Rosacea and Perioral Dermatitis. In: IADVL Textbook of Dermatology. 4th ed. Mumbai: Bhalani. 2016;1400-47.
Baskry OA, EI Shazly RMA, EI Farargy SM, Kotb D. Role of hormones and blood lipids in the pathogenesis of acne vulgaris in non-obese, non-hirsute female. Indian Dermatol Online J. 2014;5(1):9-16.
Kurokawa I, Nakase K. Recent advances in understanding and managing acne. F1000Res. 2020;9:F1000
Kumar C, Khunger N. A clinico-epidemiological study of adult acne: Is it different from adolescent acne? Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 2012;78:335-41.
Skroza N, Tolino E, Mambrin A, Zuber S, Balduzzi V, Marchesiello A et al. Adult Acne Versus Adolescent Acne. J Clin Aesthet Dermatol. 2018;11(1):21-5.
Zahra Ghodsi S, Orawa H, Zouboulis CC. Prevalence, Severity, and Severity Risk Factors of Acne in High School Pupils: A Community-Based Study. J Investigative Dermatol. 2009;129(9):2136-41.
Kane A, Niang SO, Diagne AC, Ly F, Ndiaye B. Epidemiologic, clinical, and therapeutic features of acne in Dakar, Senegal. Int J Dermatol. 2007;46(s1):36-8.
Shah N, Shukla R, Chaudhari P, Patil S, Patil A, Nadkarni N et al. Prevalence of acne vulgaris and its clinico-epidemiological pattern in adult patients: Results of a prospective, observational study. J Cosmetic Dermatol. 2021;20(11):3672-8.
Kusagur M. A Clinico-Epidemiological Study of Acne in Adults. ndian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 2012;78(3):335-41.