Clinical evaluation of pathological dermatoses induced in pregnancy

Anshul Choudhary, Kshitij Saxena, Venket Rao Koti, Amir Shahid Ansari, Shivani Yadav, Titiksha Hans


Background: Pregnancy can present with various dermatoses which is divided into physiological and pathological dermatoses. These dermatoses have various effects on pregnancy and patient’s life. The objective was to study the various pathological dermatoses.

Methods: A total of 1425 pregnant females attending dermatology, obstetrics and gynaecology Out Patient Department of Era’s Lucknow Medical College and Hospital were included, out of this 275 presented with pathological dermatoses. Detailed history, examination and investigations were done. Data was analysed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 21.0 (test).

Results: Pathological dermatoses was seen in 275 pregnant females ranged between 18 to 45 years. Infections or infestations and STDs (53.5%) were the most common dermatological conditions followed by pregnancy specific dermatoses (24.7%), acne and folliculitis (7.6%), non-specific itching (5.8%) and other conditions (10.9%).

Conclusions: Pregnant females suffer from number of pregnancy dermatoses. A knowledge of the profile of dermatoses during pregnancy is essential to plan preventive measures, care of the mother and the child.


Pregnancy, Pregnancy specific dermatoses, Infections, Pruritus

Full Text:



Madhab V, Das D, Gupta B, Saha M. A prospective study on dermatoses in pregnancy in a tertiary care hospital of Southern Assam. J Evol Med Dent Sci. 2015;3;4(71):12287-91.

Jones SV. Dermatoses of Pregnancy, in: Griffiths CE, Barker J, Bleiker T, Chalmers R, Creamer D, editors. Rook’s Textbook of Dermatology.9th ed. West Sussex: Wiley Blackwel; 2016: 3250.

Tunzi M, Gray GR. Common Skin Conditions During Pregnancy. Am Fam Physician. 2007;75(2):211-8.

Ambros-Rudolph CM. Dermatoses of Pregnancy – Clues to Diagnosis, Fetal risk and Therapy Ann. Dermatol. 2011;23(3):265-75.

Ovadia C, Seed PT, Sklavounos A, Geenes V, Di Ilio C, Chambers J. Association of adverse perinatal outcomes of intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy with biochemical markers: results of aggregate and individual patient data meta-analyses. Lancet. 2019;393(10174):899-909.

Ohel I, Levy A, Silberstein T, Holcberg G, Sheiner E. Pregnancy outcome of patients with pruritic urticarial papules and plaques of pregnancy. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2006;19(5):305-8.

Masood S, Rizvi DA, Tabassum S, Akhtar S, Alvi RU. Frequency and clinical variants of specific dermatoses in third trimester of pregnancy: a study from a tertiary care centre. J Pak Med Assoc. 2012;62(3):244-8.

Niaz F, Wahid Z, Ahmed I, Nasreen S. Frequency of specific dermatoses of pregnancy in a tertiary care hospital. J Pakistan Association Dermatologists. 2013;23(3):256-61.

Chander R, Garg T, Kakkar S, Jain A. Specific pregnancy dermatoses in 1430 females from Northern. J Dermatol Case Rep. 2011;5:69-73.

Sharath Kumar BC, Aneesh S, Gopal MG, Ramesh M, Nandini, Gupta D. Clinical and epidemiological study of cutaneous manifestations of pregnancy. J Evol Med Dent Sci. 2013;2(44):8667-77.

Chaudhary R, Mahakal N, Chauhan A, Modi K. Dermatological disorders in pregnancy: A cross sectional study. Int J Sci Stud. 2015;3:118-22.

Kannambal K, Tharini GK. A Screening Study on Dermatoses in Pregnancy. J Clin Diagn Res. 2017;11(5):1-5.