DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2455-4529.IntJResDermatol20194565

A randomised trial of 5% minoxidil versus combination of 5% minoxidil and oral spironolactone in treatment of female pattern hair loss

Nachiket Madhukarrao Palaskar, Nitin Dinkar Chaudhari, Garima Laxminarayan Balpande, Swapna Subhash Khatu

Abstract


Background: Female pattern hair loss (FPHL) is a common form of nonscarring hair loss. We compared the usefulness and safety of topical minoxidil alone with combination of oral spironolactone and topical minoxidil in the treatment of FPHL.

Methods: This prospective, single-centre, randomised open label study over 100 patients attending tertiary care hospital in Mumbai during period December 2011 to June 2012. The data were entered into SPSS version 21 for analysis. Data collected were coded and described as frequency and percentage for qualitative data and means and standard deviation for quantitative data. Statistical analysis was done using chi-square and student t test. Statistical significance was considered if p value was less than 0.05.

Results: There were 48 patients in Group I and 46 patients in Group II. At 6 months, significantly higher mean Sinclair grade was observed among Group I patients as compared to Group II patients (2.85±0.68 vs 2.56±0.50, p=0.02). We observed a significant improvement in women’s androgenetic alopecia quality of life questionnaire in Group I patients at 12 months after treatment (26.93±2.25 vs 23.47±2.95, p<0.001). Minoxidil and spironolactone were tolerated well by the patients.

Conclusions: Combination therapy of topical minoxidil and oral spironolactone has an additive effect. However, plateau of effectiveness of the combination therapy in normoandrogenic patients at 6 months of therapy was observed. We recommend the combination for 6 months and continuation of therapy with minoxidil only.


Keywords


Alopecia, Minoxidil, Spironolactone, Clinical outcome

Full Text:

PDF

References


Norwood OT. Incidence of female androgenetic alopecia (female pattern alopecia). Dermatol Surg. 2001;27:53-4.

Wang TL, Zhou C, Shen YW, Wang XY, Ding XL, Tian S, et al. Prevalence of androgenetic alopecia in China: a community-based study in six cities. Br J Dermatol. 2010;162:843-7.

Messenger AG, Sinclair R. Follicular miniaturization in female pattern hair loss: clinicopathological correlations. Br J Dermatol. 2006;155:926-30.

Yip L, Rufaut N, Sinclair R. Role of genetics and sex steroid hormones in male androgenetic alopecia and female pattern hair loss: an update of what we now know. Australas J Dermatol. 2011;52:81-8.

Hoedemaker C, van Egmond S, Sinclair R. Treatment of female pattern hair loss with a combination of spironolactone and minoxidil. Australas J Dermatol. 2007;48:43-5.

Sinclair R, Jolley D, Mallari R, Magee J. The reliability of horizontally sectioned scalp biopsies in the diagnosis of chronic diffuse telogen hair loss in women. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2004;51(2):189-99.

Messenger AG, Rundegren J. Minoxidil: mechanisms of action on hair growth. Br J Dermatol. 2004;150:186-94.

Van Zuuren EJ, Fedorowicz Z, Carter B, Andriolo RB, Schoones J. Interventions for female pattern hair loss. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012;5:CD007628.

Sinclair R, Patel M, Dawson TL Jr, Yazdabadi A, Yip L, Perez A, et al. Hair loss in women: medical and cosmetic approaches to increase scalp hair fullness. Br J Dermatol. 2011;165 Suppl 3:12-8.

Rathnayake D, Sinclair R. Innovative use of spironolactone as an antiandrogen in the treatment of female pattern hair loss. Dermatol Clin. 2010;28(3):611-8.

Sinclair R, Wewerinke M, Jolley D. Treatment of female pattern hair loss with oral antiandrogens. Br J Dermatol. 2005;152:466-73.

Yazdabadi A, Sinclair R. Treatment of female pattern hair loss with the androgen receptor antagonist flutamide. Australas J Dermatol. 2011;52:132-4.

Hughes BR, Cunliffe WJ. Tolerance of spironolactone. Br J Dermatol. 1988;118(5):687-91.