Epidemiological study of skin diseases in Himatnagar
Keywords:Prevalence, Fungal, Contact dermatitis, Acne epidemiology
Background: The aim of the study was to identify the prevalence of skin diseases in the peripheral area of North Gujarat, India.
Methods: It was retrograde OPD based study in which patients visiting skin department of GMERS, Himatnagar, were studied from 30 October 2017 to 30 October 2018.
Results: Total 15042 patients, male were 53% and female were 47%. Fungal infection was the most common infectious diseases (16.6%) and eczema was the most common non infectious diseases (12.77%). Contact dermatitis accounted (10.49%). Xerosis (8.19%) was the most common in the patients who were in their 5th and 6th decade of life.
Conclusions: Fungal infection was seen almost equally in male and female. Contact dermatitis was very common in females. Acne was seen predominantly in teenagers and adolescents due to hormonal changes.
Masoro EJ, editor. Aging. In: Current Concepts in aging. Oxford:Oxford University Press;1995.
Grover S, Ranyal RK, Bedi MK. A cross section of skin diseases in rural Allahabad. Indian J Dermatol. 2008;53:179-81.
Jain S, Barambhe MS, Jain J, Jajoo UN, Pandey N. Prevalence of skin diseases in rural Central India: A community-based, cross sectional, observational study. 2016.
Rao GS, Kumar SS, Sandhya. Pattern of skin diseases in an Indian village. Indian J Med Sci. 2003;57:108-10.
Verma S, Madhu R. The great Indian epidemic of superficial dermatophytosis: An appraisal. Indian J Dermatol. 2017:62:227-36.
Bhatia R, Sharma VK. Occupational dermatoses: An Asian perspective. IJDVL. 2017;83:5:525.
Sharma RK, Dogra S, Singh A, Kanwar. Epidemiological patterns of acne vulgaris among adolescents in North India: A cross sectional study and brief review of literature. Indian J Paediatr Dermatol. 2017;18:196-20.
Kar C, Das S, Roy AK. Patteren of skin diseases in a tertiary institution in Kolkata. Indian J Dermatol. 2014;59:209.