DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2455-4529.IntJResDermatol20185080

Intralesional autologous platelet rich plasma therapy in chronic nonhealing cutaneous ulcers: an interventional study from a tertiary care centre in North Kerala

V. P. K. Gopinath, V. M. Simi, K. Basheer Ahammed, P. M. Farisa, C. M. Ali Rishad

Abstract


Background: Treatment of chronic nonhealing cutaneous ulcers is a challenge to clinicians. When wounds fail to achieve sufficient healing after 4 weeks of conventional therapy reassess the underlying pathology and consider advanced therapeutic options. Autologous platelet rich plasma is a novel treatment for nonhealing cutaneous ulcers, which can provide growth factors directly onto the wound.

Methods: 34 patients with non-healing cutaneous ulcers satisfying inclusion and exclusion criteria were included in the study. All patients were treated with PRP therapy weekly for 6 weeks. Every week ulcer area and volume was measured and outcome expressed as improvement in area and volume of ulcers before and after PRP therapy.

Results: In our study majority were males (64%) and the mean age of population was 51.0±10.4 years. Of 34 patients 18 had venous ulcers. All ulcers healed within 12 weeks and mean duration of healing was 7.51±2.9 weeks. 8 (24.24%) patients had their ulcer completely healed within 6 weeks. Larger ulcers took long duration to heal and smaller ones healed within short duration. The total improvement in area and volume of ulcers was 85.7% and 90.7% (median) respectively at the end of 6 weeks.

Conclusions: PRP is an effective, safe, readily available and cheap outpatient procedure which can be widely used for the treatment of chronic recalcitrant ulcers which improves the quality of life and reduces the financial burden of patients. Further research and controlled, randomized prospective clinical trials on larger population are necessary to validate the results.


Keywords


Platelet rich plasma, PRP, Non healing ulcers, Growth factors

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