Clinical profile and risk factors of dermatophytoses: a hospital based study


  • Abhineetha Hosthota Department of Dermatology, The Oxford Medical College Hospital And Research Centre, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
  • Trupthi Gowda Department of Microbiology, The Oxford Medical College Hospital And Research Centre, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
  • Rajini Manikonda Department of Microbiology, The Oxford Medical College Hospital And Research Centre, Bangalore, Karnataka, India



Dermatophytoses, Risk factors, Dermatophytes


Background: Dermatophytoses are superficial mycoses which represents most common community health problem across the globe. Surveillance studies are required to understand the changing epidemiology and prevalence of causative agents to decide on appropriate therapy. This study aims to evaluate the clinical types, etiological agents and probable risk factors of dermatophytoses.

Methods: It was a cross sectional study of 150 clinically suspected cases of dermatophytoses during six months. Sociodemographic details, clinical history and detailed examination were collected from all the subjects. Skin scrapings were sent to microbiology for direct microscopy and fungal culture.

Results: Among the 150 subjects enrolled, males outnumbered females. Infection was mostly prevalent in the age group of 21-30 years (37.3%). Tinea cruris was the commonest clinical type (50%) followed by Tinea corporis (18.4%) and Tinea unguium (11.9%). Tricophyton rubrum was the aetiological agent isolated in majority (33%), followed by Tricophyton mentagrophytes (20%). The major risk factors of dermatophytoses were poor hygiene (32.1%), topical steroid usage (23.9%) and diabetes mellitus (20.1%).

Conclusions: The present study has provided recent data on etiological agents of dermatophytoses and risk factors in our area. It is essential to develop measures for prevention, control of dermatophyte infections and establishment of therapeutic strategies.

Author Biography

Trupthi Gowda, Department of Microbiology, The Oxford Medical College Hospital And Research Centre, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Assistant professor

Department of microbilogy


Agarwal US, Saran J, Agarwal P. Clinico-mycological study of dermatophytes in a tertiary care centre in northwest India. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 2014;80:194.

Havlickova B, Czaika VA, Friedrich M. Epidemiological trends in skin mycoses worldwide. Mycoses. 2008;51:2-15.

Pires CA, Cruz NF, Lobato AM, Sousa PO, Carneiro FR, Mendes AM. Clinical, epidemiological, and therapeutic profile of dermatophytosis. An Bras Dermatol. 2014;89:259-64.

Seebacher C, Bouchara JP, Mignon B. Updates on the epidemiology of dermatophyte infections. Mycopathologia. 2008;166:335-52.

Degreef H. Clinical Forms of Dermatophytosis (Ringworm Infection). Mycopathologia. 2008;166:257-65.

Maraki S, Nioti E, Mantadakis E, Tselentis Y. A 7-year survey of dermatophytoses in Crete, Greece. Mycoses. 2007;50:481-4.

Aly R. Ecology and epidemiology of dermatophyte infections. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1994;31:21–5.

Jain N, Sharma M, Saxena VN. Clinico-mycological profile of dermatophytosis in Jaipur, Rajasthan. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 2008;74:274-5.

Kumaran G, Jeya M. Clinico-Mycological Profile Of Dermatophytic Infections. Int J Pharm Bio Sci. 2014;5:1–5.

Mishra M, Mishra S, Singh P C, Mishra B C. Clinico-mycological profile of superficial mycoses. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 1998;64:283-5.

Poluri LV, Indugula JP, Kondapaneni SL. Clinicomycological Study of Dermatophytosis in South India. J Lab Physicians. 2015;7:84-9.

Weitzman I, Summerbell RC. The dermatophytes. Clin Microbiol Rev. 1995;8:240-59.

Sen SS, Rasul ES. Dermatophytosis in Assam. Ind J Med Microbiol. 2006;24:77-8.

Sumana V, Singaracharya MA. Dermatophytosis in Khammam. Indian J Microbiol. 2004;47:287-9.

Kumar S, Mallya PS, Kumari P. Clinico-Mycological Study of Dermatophytosis in a Tertiary Care Hospital. Int J Sci Study. 2014;1:27-32.

Gupta S, Gupta BL. Evaluation of the incidences of dermatophillic infection in Rajastahan: Case studies from Rajasthan, India. Int J Med Medi Sci, 2013;5:229-32.

Sarika G, Purva A, Rahul R, Saksham G. Prevalence Of Dermatophytic Infection And Determining Sensitivity Of Diagnostic Procedures. Int J Pharm Pharm Sci. 2014;6:35-8.

Patwardhan N, Dave R. Dermatomycosis in and around Aurangabad. Indian J Pathol Microbiol. 1999;42:455-462.

Bassiri-Jahromi S, Khaksari AA. Epidemiological survey of dermatophytosis in Tehran, Iran, from 2000 to 2005. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 2009;75:142-7.

Ranganathan S, Menon T, Selvi SG, Kamalam A. Effect of socio-economic status on the prevalence of dermatophytosis in Madras. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 1995;61:16-8.

Sharma M, Sharma R. Profile of Dermatophytic and Other Fungal Infections in Jaipur. Indian J Microbiol. 2012;52:270–4.

Garg AP, Müller J. Inhibition of growth of dermatophytes by Indian hair oils. Mycoses. 1992;35:363-9.

Mohanty JC, Mohanty SK, Sahoo RC, Sahoo A, Praharaj N. Incidence of dermatophytosis in Orissa. Indian J Med Microbiol. 1998;16:78-80.

Bindu V, Pavithran K. Clinico - mycological study of dermatophytosis in Calicut. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 2002;68:259-61.

Peerapur BV, Inamdar AC, Puspha PV, Shrikant B. Clinico mycological study of dermatophytosis in Bijapur. Indian J Med Microbiol. 2004;22:273-4.

Achterman RR, White TC. Dermatophyte Virulence Factors: Identifying and Analyzing Genes That May Contribute to Chronic or Acute Skin Infections. Int J Microbiol. 2012;(2012):8.

Spiewak R, Szostak W. Zoophilic and geophilic dermatophytoses among farmers and non-farmers in Eastern Poland. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2000;7:125-9.

Jahromi SB, Khaksar AA. Aetiological agents of tinea capitis in Tehran (Iran). Mycoses. 2006;49:65-7.

Janagond AB, Rajendran T, Acharya S, Vithiya G, Ramesh A, Charles J. Spectrum of Dermatophytes Causing Tinea Corporis and Possible Risk Factors in Rural Patients of Madurai Region, South India. Nat J Lab Med. 2016;5:29-32

Casqueiro J, Casqueiro J, Alves C. Infections in patients with diabetes mellitus: A review of pathogenesis. Indian J Endocrinol Metab. 2012;16:27–36.






Original Research Articles