Prevalence of vitiligo at the tertiary health care centre, Mc Gann’s teaching district hospital Shivamogga
Keywords:Vitiligo, Acro-facial, Clinical epidemiology, Shivamoga
Background: Vitiligo is a common depigmentation disorder involving persons of all ages and both genders uniformly throughout the races. The highest incidence of vitiligo has been recorded in Indians from the Indian subcontinent, along with Mexicans and Japanese.
Methods: Patients visiting Dermatology OPD were recruited for the study at the tertiary health care centre, Mc Gann’s teaching district hospital Shivamogga. Data regarding health-related status and other factors were collected between May 2016 and October 2017.
Results: Among the potential candidates, 8.6% of our study population was with the positive family history of vitiligo and 50.9% were females and 49.1% were males. Patients with age from 27-36 years were found to be affected mostly. The most common site of onset was the lower limbs (30%) followed by head and neck (25.4%) with the commonest pattern to be of acro-facial type.
Conclusions: This study suggests that local epidemiological behavior of vitiligo was not the same across different regions. Variations did exist and may possibly be due to certain clinico-epidemiological parameters of Shimoga viz., prevalence of associated diseases and its extent of involvement.
Wolff K, Goldsmith LA, Katz SI, Gilchrest BA, Paller AS, Leffell DJ. Fitzpatrick‟s Dermatology in General Medicine, 7th edn, Vol. I. Mac Graw Hill, USA; 2007: 616–621.
Hann SK, Nordlund JJ. Vitiligo: A Monograph on the Basic and Clinical Science. 1 st ed. Oxford, Blackwell Science Ltd, London; 2000: 1-386.
Handa S, Kaur I. Vitiligo: clinical findings in 1436 patients. J Dermatol. 1999;26:653-7.
Shajil EM, Deepali Agrawal, Krishna Vagadia, YS Marfatia, Rasheedunnisa Begum. Vitiligo: Clinical profiles in Vadodara, Gujarat. Indian J Dermatol. 2006;51:100–4.
Khaitan BK1, Kathuria S, Ramam M. A descriptive study to characterize segmental vitiligo. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 2012;78:715-21.
Shah H, Mehta A, Astik B. Clinical and sociodemographic study of vitiligo. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 2008;74:701.
Lerner AB. Vitiligo. J Invest Dermatol. 1959;32:285-310.
Howitz J, Brodthagen H, Schwartz M, Thomsen K. Prevalence of vitiligo. Epidemiological survey on the Isle of Bornholm, Denmark. Arch Dermatol. 1977;113:47-52.
Alkhateeb A1, Stetler GL, Old W, et al. Mapping of an autoimmunity susceptibility locus (AIS1) to chromosome 1p31.3-p32.2. Hum Mol Genet. 2002;11:661-7.
Naik AU. Vitiligo: Compilation of clinico-epidemiological features in patients attending tertiary care government hospital, Thane. Australasian Med J. 2010;3:826-32.
Shankar DS, Shashikala K, Madala R. Clinical patterns of vitiligo and its associated co morbidities: A prospective controlled cross-sectional study in South India. Indian Dermatol Online J. 2012;3:114–8.
Vora RV, Patel BB, Chaudhary AH, Mehta MJ, Pilani AP. A clinical study of vitiligo in a rural set up of Gujarat. 2014;39:143-6.
Agarwal S, Ojha A, Gupta S. Profile of vitiligo in kumaun region of uttarakhand, India. Indian J Dermatol. 2014;59:209.