Dermatologic neoplasms: a perspective from Makurdi, North Central Nigeria


  • Olanrewaju I. Ajetunmobi Department of Histopathology, Federal Medical Centre, PMB 102004, Makurdi, Benue State
  • Donatus O. Dzuachii Department of Histopathology, Federal Medical Centre, PMB 102004, Makurdi, Benue State



Skin, Ultraviolet, Squamous cell carcinoma, HIV


Background: Skin cancers are the commonest malignancies in Caucasians but are relatively less common in dark skinned persons. They are strongly linked to ultraviolet exposure, skin melanin content, and immune status.

Methods: This study reviewed all histologically diagnosed skin neoplasms at the Federal Medical Centre, Makurdi from January 2012 to December 2016.

Results: A total of 84 neoplasms were seen, with 42 (50%) being malignant. Of the malignant lesions, Squamous cell carcinomas were the most frequent (45.2%), followed by melanomas (23.8%). The lower limb was the most frequent site of both benign and malignant neoplasms, while a male to female ratio of 0.88:1 was observed.

Conclusions: A relatively high UV radiation intensity, combined with a predominance of outdoor agricultural based activities, alongside chronic ulcerative/inflammatory lesions and a high HIV burden all indicate a need for widespread enlightenment and screening campaigns to prevent occurrence of skin cancers and aid early diagnosis.

Author Biographies

Olanrewaju I. Ajetunmobi, Department of Histopathology, Federal Medical Centre, PMB 102004, Makurdi, Benue State

Department of Histopathology


Donatus O. Dzuachii, Department of Histopathology, Federal Medical Centre, PMB 102004, Makurdi, Benue State

Department of Histopathology,



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Original Research Articles