A rare case of primary cutaneous diffuse large B cell lymphoma, leg type with metastasis

Authors

  • Agni K. Bose Department of Dermatology, King Edward Memorial Hospital and Seth G.S. Medical College, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
  • Pandharinath K. Khade Department of Dermatology, King Edward Memorial Hospital and Seth G.S. Medical College, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
  • Vidya D. Kharkar Department of Dermatology, King Edward Memorial Hospital and Seth G.S. Medical College, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/issn.2455-4529.IntJResDermatol20211717

Keywords:

Lymphoma, Radiation, Immunohistochemistry, Cutaneous lymphoma

Abstract

Primary cutaneous diffuse large B cell lymphoma, leg type (PCDLBCL-LT) is a rare and aggressive type of primary cutaneous B cell lymphoma (PCBCL), which represents 10-20% cases of PCBCL. It has a 40-50% recurrence rate and 5 year survival rate of 50%. Here, we present a case of an 86 year old female who presented to us with complaints of slightly tender annular plaques with an oedematous base present over bilateral lower limbs and pitting oedema. Histopathological examination from the annular lesion showed normal epidermis, grenz zone and a dense lymphoid infiltrate involving almost the entire dermis. Immunohistochemistry confirmed histological findings, atypical cell were positive for CD20 and MUM1 protein with focal expression of BCL 6 which is rare. Based on the above findings, we made a diagnosis of diffuse large B cell lymphoma-leg type and started her on palliative radiotherapy. As PCBCL-LT is rare and aggressive lymphoma, we present this case to review literature and summarise its clinical features.

References

Thomas V, Dobson R, Mennel R. Primary cutaneous large B-cell lymphoma, leg type. Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent). 2011;24(4):350-3.

Athalye L, Nami N, Shitabata P. A rare case of primary cutaneous diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, leg type. Cutis. 2018;102(3):31-4.

Chen DB. Primary cutaneous DLBCL, leg type. Atlas Genetic Cytogen Oncol Haematol. 2018;22:439-42.

Vijaya B, Narahari SR, Shruthi MK, Aggithaaya G. A rare case of primary cutaneous diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, leg type in a patient with chronic lymphedema of the leg. Indian J Pathol Microbiol. 2019;62(3):470-2.

Grange F, Beylot-Barry M, Courville P, Maubec E, Bagot M, Vergier B, et al. Primary cutaneous diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, leg type: clinicopathologic features and prognostic analysis in 60 cases. Arch Dermatol. 2007;143(9):1144-50.

Man XH, Han B, Bai YP, Yao ZY. Primary cutaneous diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, leg type: a case report. J Clin Dermatology. 2009;38(9):576-8.

Downloads

Published

2021-04-27

Issue

Section

Case Reports