DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2455-4529.IntJResDermatol20203761

A review on drug induced skin disorders: pathophysiology and therapeutics

Priyanka N., R. Srinivasan

Abstract


Drugs are the central part of treatment of various disorders. The consequence of drug use may be either positive outcomes (clinical effect of the drug) or negative outcomes (adverse drug events). That is, it contains both risk and benefit. In recent years multiple disorders treated with many drugs by monotherapy or by fixed-dose therapy existing in the market which leads to increased drug-related problems one among that is drug-induced disorders. Morbidity and mortality have increased due to drug-induced disorders. This study was aimed to describe the various drugs induces skin disorders, its pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment approach. We completed a review of the current evidence for various drug-induced skin disorders its causative drugs and therapeutic intervention of drug-induced skin disorders. A review through Medline, Embase, Pubmed, Wiley online library and selected studies related to drug-induced skin disorders. This is the comprehensive review of drug- induced skin disorders, designed to address prospectively its etiopathogenesis and clinical management. Penicillin, sulfa, phenyl-butazone, Tetracycline are the most common drug induces various skin disorders. There is not much significant differences in the clinical, histopathological or immuno-pathological features between various skin disorders and drug induced skin disorders. Hence knowing the etiopathology, and differential diagnosis is important to a proper treatment approach.


Keywords


Drug-induced disorders, Risk-benefit, Fixed dose therapy, Skin disorders

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