Expert opinion on current and emerging treatments in dermatophytosis
Keywords:Dermatophytosis, Tinea infection, Antifungal
Dermatophytosis continues to be a worldwide public health problem, predominantly in developing countries like India. Early diagnosis and appropriate management are imperative to enhance patient outcomes and improve quality of life of individuals with dermatophytosis. Multiple focused group discussions involving 76 dermatologists across 36 cities in India were conducted to provide a consensus clinical viewpoint of expert dermatologists to gain insights toward effective diagnosis and management of Indian subjects with dermatophytosis. These discussions mainly aimed at reviewing current literature on prevalence, etiology, diagnosis and management of dermatophytosis and highlighting variations in diagnostic and treatment approaches in routine clinical practice. The current article summarizes the experts’ clinical viewpoint on overall management of dermatophytosis. Diagnosis of dermatophytosis involves clinical observation, microscopic examination and dermoscopy. Molecular techniques have certain advantages over conventional microscopy and culture methods but are associated with issues of cost and technique complexity. Oral itraconazole 200 mg–400 mg daily and terbinafine 500 mg/day could be considered for recalcitrant tinea infections. Topical azoles like luliconazole, sertaconazole, and terbinafine could be beneficial. A combination of oral and topical antifungal drugs is effective in patients with steroid-modified and difficult-to-treat tinea infections. Also, patient counselling and use of adjunctive therapies like antihistamines, retinoids, and moisturizers are essential for managing tinea infections.
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