DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2455-4529.IntJResDermatol20183156

A prospective study of vitiligo cases in Government Dharmapuri Medical College Hospital

R. Akila

Abstract


Background: Vitiligo is a pigmentary disorder of skin whose precise etiology is not known, though it is considered to be genetic, an autoimmune skin disorder in which there is a loss of skin pigment. This disease can occur at any age. Vitiligo affects various parts of the body. Though various modalities of treatment became available, still produces significant social stigma and leads to a psychological impact on the patient.

Methods: 100 cases of vitiligo patients attending Dermatology outpatient Department at Govt Dharmapuri Medical college hospital during the period of January 2017 to June 2017 were included in the study. Informed consent was obtained from all the patients and from parents in case of children. A detailed history was obtained and dermatological/systemic examination was done using a proforma. Necessary investigations were done. A psychiatric evaluation was done for all.

Results: Females were more involved than males in our study. The youngest patient recorded in our study is 6 years. Exposed areas are more involved. The leg is the most common site involved followed by hands. 8 percent of patients had associated diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism (2%), and hyperthyroidism (1%). Depression was seen in 8 percent of the patients. Marital conflict (3%) and delayed marriage (5%) was recorded in the study.

Conclusions: Though various research studies and treatment modalities became available for this pigmentary disorder it still remains a social stigma. Females were little more involved in our study which may be due to a cosmetic concern. Associated diabetes mellitus and thyroid disorders support autoimmune etiology.


Keywords


Vitiligo, Thyroid profile, Post inflammatory hypopigmentation, Psychiatric assessment

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