DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2455-4529.IntJResDermatol20181008

An epidemiological study of sexually transmitted diseases cases at STD clinic, Gorakhpur

Santosh Kr Singh, Naveen Kumar, Anil Kr Gupta, Lalit Mohan, Sushantika ., Ali Mohammad

Abstract


Background: Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) have been considered as a major health problem, in developing countries like India. Knowledge regarding pattern and prevalence of different STIs is very important to implement proper strategies to control the STDs. The aim of this study is to understand the pattern and prevalence of different sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in eastern Uttar Pradesh.

Methods: This is a retrospective observational study. Records of all the patients who had attended the STI clinic from January 2013 to December 2017 in Tertiary care Hospital, Gorakhpur have been analysed.

Results: The commonest STD was herpes genitalis 24.04% and condylomata acuminata 23.51% respectively. The prevalence of combined gonococcal/non gonococcal urethritis and bacterial vaginosis accounts for 23.84% and HIV was detected in 13.19% of the patients. There is a decline in occurrence of Syphilis with prevalence of 5.74%.

Conclusions: There is increased prevalence of viral STIs and decline in bacterial STIs seen, probably due to easy access of antibiotics to common people.


Keywords


STDs, Condylomata accuminata, Herpes genitalis, STI

Full Text:

PDF

References


Available at: http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/

/112291/1/WHO_RHR_14.05_eng.pdf?ua=1. Accessed on 17 March, 2012.

National STI/RTI control and prevention programme NACP III NACO 2012.

UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UN ESCAP). Sexually Abused and Sexually Exploited Children and Youth in South Asia: A Qualitative Assessment of Their Health Needs and Available Services: New York: UN ESCAP; 1999.

Csonka GW, Dates JK. Sexually transmitted diseases. A text book of genitourinary medicine, 1st edn. Bailliere Tindall; 1990: 352-389.

Ramakrishnan R, Narasimhan M, Fernandes SD. Profile of sexually transmitted infections among males in a South Indian suburban tertiary care teaching hospital: a one year retrospective study. Int J Res Dermatol. 2017;3:187-91.

Choudhry S, Ramachandran VG, Das S, Bhattacharya SN, Mogha NS. Pattern of sexually transmitted infections and performance of syndromic management against etiological diagnosis in patients attending the sexually transmitted infection clinic of a tertiary care hospital. Indian J Sex Transm Dis. 2010;1:104-8.

Nayyar C, Chander R, Gupta P, Sherwal BL. Evaluation of risk factors in patients attending STI clinic in a tertiary care hospital in North India. Indian J Sex Transm Dis. 2015;6:48-52.

Shah BG, Sheth KJ. To study the epidemiology of various sexually transmitted diseases in tribal area of Valsad. Int J Res Dermatol. 2017;3:475-7.

Narayanan B. A retrospective study of the pattern of sexually transmitted diseases during a ten year period. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 2005;71:333–7.

Kumar B, Sahoo B, Gupta S, Jain R. Rising incidence of genital herpes over two decades in a sexually transmitted disease clinic in north India. Int J STD AIDS. 2002;13:115–8.

Ray K, Bala M, Gupta SM, Khunger N, Puri P, Muralidhar S, et al. Changing trends in sexually transmitted infections at a Regional STD Centre in north India. Indian J Med Res. 2006;124:559–68.

Thomas K, Thyagarajan SP, Jeyaseelan L, Varghese JC, Krishnamurthy P, Bai L, et al. Community prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases and human immunodeficiency virus infection in Tamil Nadu, India: A probability proportional to size cluster survey. Natl Med J India. 2002;15:135–40.

Rodrigues JJ, Mehendale SM, Shepherd ME, Divekar AD, Gangakhedkar RR, Quinn TC, et al. Risk factors for HIV infection in people attending clinics for sexually transmitted diseases in India. BMJ. 1995;311:283–6.

Erbelding EJ, Chung SE, Kamb ML, Irwin KL, Rompalo AM. New sexually transmitted diseases in HIV-infected patients: Markers for ongoing HIV transmission behavior. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2003;33:247–52.